The recent legal victory of Hana Kehat, founder of the Orthodox feminist Israeli organization Kolech, has implications for working women in Israel and for feminists worldwide: The courts ruled that she was fired illegally from the Orot Teachers’ College in 2005, and that she must be immediately reinstated.
Kehat, who was described by her employers even during the trial as “an excellent lecturer” argued that she was fired from the religious Zionist institution because of her feminist views. Rabbi Neria Gutel, the head of the college who was responsible for her firing, said that she was fired because of low registration to her classes. Gutel’s claim, however, belies the point: She had low registration despite being a wonderful teacher because students were made to feel uncomfortable in her classes.
One of the core issues in the discussion is whether students naturally feel uncomfortable with Kehat, as Gutel persistently tried to say, because feminism is ostensibly completely out of step with religious life, or whether Gutel and other staff members went out of their way to ensure that students would feel uncomfortable by denouncing and defaming Kehat at every opportunity, as Kehat argued.
Kehat has said that, since 2003, her boss was looking for ways to fire her — and held her feminist views against her.
The verdict in her favor in effect validates the idea that Kehat was ostracized for being a feminist. The court had originally ruled in favor of Gutel, but Kehat, supported by lawyers from the Israel Women’s Network and Kolech, decided to appeal.
The marginalization of feminists is not new or uncommon. But the recognition of this institutionally backed discrimination against feminists in the religious world is a very important step towards change. It acknowledges the powerful role of rhetoric in delegitimizing women, the potentially strong impact of subtle tactics to dismiss women’s ideas, and the uphill battle that women face in trying to be heard.
I identify with Kehat’s struggles. The experience of having my ideas immediately discounted because I’m a feminist strongly resonates with me. That’s why it’s extremely gratifying for me this forum even exists. It is no less than liberating to have this venue where I and others can speak our minds freely, as Jewish feminists. My question is how to take the feminist voice and make it mainstream. Kehat has inspired me this way by not backing down. So I’m speaking up.