J.J. Goldberg

Rightist Foils Bid to Open Books of Settlement Unit

By J.J. Goldberg

  • Print
  • Share Share

Tzufim settlement outpost, western Samaria, October 2012 / Getty Images

The chairman of the Knesset’s law and legislation committee on Thursday postponed, for the second time in two weeks, a scheduled vote on a bill requiring transparency in government funding of West Bank settlements.

The bill has majority support in the committee, whose membership mirrors the overall Knesset party breakdown. The chairman, David Rotem of the Yisrael Beiteinu party, asked by opposition lawmaker Ahmed Tibi “what you’re trying to hide,” said — according to an official Knesset record — that he didn’t want to give settlement opponents “information that you can use to bring a Supreme Court lawsuit and prevent construction in Judea and Samaria.”

The postponement came three days after the Knesset’s finance committee approved an allocation of $51 million (177 million shekels) requested by the government for the private organization that conducts most settlement development, the Settlement Division of the World Zionist Organization.

Getty Images
‘Brothers’ Yair Lapid (left) and Naftali Bennett

The allocation passed with the support of three committee members from the center-left Yesh Atid party, part of the Netanyahu coalition, after they received a promise from coalition leaders that the transparency bill would be brought to a vote on Thursday. On Thursday, however, a committee member from the pro-settler Jewish Home party, Orit Struck, asked for a postponement for “consultation within her party.” Rotem promptly granted the request.

The transparency bill was submitted last year by Justice Minister Tzipi Livni. It would subject the WZO Settlement Division to Israel’s freedom of information law, which currently applies to government bodies. The WZO is a private nonprofit controlled by coalitions of Diaspora Jewish organizations and Israeli political parties. Its Settlement Division has been run for years as a semi-autonomous unit, funded entirely by the government but nominally owned by the WZO.

The arrangement allows the government a measure of deniability in settlement activity and frees the settlement body from the public scrutiny required of government bodies, including the freedom of information law.

The Diaspora organizations that share control of the WZO, including B’nai B’rith, the Reform and Conservative movements and others, have acquiesced in the arrangement out of a professed respect for Israeli democracy, and have been repeatedly assured that the Settlement Division operates under close government scrutiny.

The arrangement provoked a scandal in 2005 when a report commissioned by the Ariel Sharon government, under former deputy state prosecutor Talia Sasson, exposed extensive government and WZO collusion in the establishment of settlement outposts that were illegal under Israeli law. The Sasson Report (English summary here, full Hebrew report here) caused a furor in Israel and evoked mild expressions of alarm from the heads of the Diaspora organizations involved. The government voted to approve and implement but the matter dwindled in the face of bureaucratic resistance and was forgotten until Livni raised it again last year.

Livni’s transparency bill was originally scheduled for a vote on March 25. At that time Rotem convened the committee early when only one other member was present, a representative of the pro-settler Bayit Yehudi-Jewish Home party. With just two people in the room, the postponement passed unanimously. This brought furious protests from parties of the center and left, including Yair Lapid’s Yesh Atid and Livni’s Hatnuah. Both are part of the governing coalition but oppose settlements to varying degrees.

Committee member Eleazar Stern of Hatnuah, a retired IDF General Staff member and one of the first Orthodox Jews to reach the rank of major general, told Rotem during the debate that his behavior is “placing the division under suspicion of theft and dishonesty,” and “proves that improper things are going on there.”

Pro-settlement parties, Jewish Home, Likud and Yisrael Beiteinu (the latter two ran as a joint electoral bloc but retain separate party organizations) won 43 seats in the 120 in the last elections in January 2013. 59 seats are held by parties that believe Israel should make stronger efforts for peace and see the current Palestinian leadership as a viable partner. The remaining 18 represent two ultra-Orthodox parties that are neutral on settlements and Paletinian statehood. One of the two, Shas, with 11 Knesset seats, was staunchly right-wing under former leader Eli Yishai, but has moved sharply to the center-left on economic and territorial questions since party founder Arye Deri regained control in 2012.

Netanyahu was able to form a government in which pro-settlement groups hold a majority after Yesh Atid founder Yair Lapid formed a “covenant of brothers” with Jewish Home leader Naftali Bennett to push through certain domestic legislation, notably ending the blanket draft deferment for ultra-Orthodox yeshiva students.

In the end, Bennett’s Modern Orthodox party came under furious pressure from ultra-Orthodox rabbis and succeeded in watering down the draft bill that he and Lapid had agreed on. In the meantime, however, Lapid has come under steadily growing criticism from liberal supporters for crowning Netanyahu head of a government in which pro-settlement parties hold 43 of the 68 coalition seats.


Permalink | | Share | Email | Print | Filed under: Yisrael Beiteinu, Yesh Atid, WZO, World Zionist Organization, Tzipi Livni, Reform Judaism, Eleazar Stern, Hatnuah, David Rotem, Conservative Judaism, B'nai B'rith, Ahmed Tibi

The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.




Find us on Facebook!
  • At which grade level should classroom discussions include topics like the death of civilians kidnapping of young Israelis and sirens warning of incoming rockets?
  • Wanted: Met Council CEO.
  • “Look, on the one hand, I understand him,” says Rivka Ben-Pazi, a niece of Elchanan Hameiri, the boy that Henk Zanoli saved. “He had a family tragedy.” But on the other hand, she said, “I think he was wrong.” What do you think?
  • How about a side of Hitler with your spaghetti?
  • Why "Be fruitful and multiply" isn't as simple as it seems:
  • William Schabas may be the least of Israel's problems.
  • You've heard of the #IceBucketChallenge, but Forward publisher Sam Norich has something better: a #SoupBucketChallenge (complete with matzo balls!) Jon Stewart, Sarah Silverman & David Remnick, you have 24 hours!
  • Did Hamas just take credit for kidnapping the three Israeli teens?
  • "We know what it means to be in the headlines. We know what it feels like when the world sits idly by and watches the news from the luxury of their living room couches. We know the pain of silence. We know the agony of inaction."
  • When YA romance becomes "Hasidsploitation":
  • "I am wrapping up the summer with a beach vacation with my non-Jewish in-laws. They’re good people and real leftists who try to live the values they preach. This was a quality I admired, until the latest war in Gaza. Now they are adamant that American Jews need to take more responsibility for the deaths in Gaza. They are educated people who understand the political complexity, but I don’t think they get the emotional complexity of being an American Jew who is capable of criticizing Israel but still feels a deep connection to it. How can I get this across to them?"
  • “'I made a new friend,' my son told his grandfather later that day. 'I don’t know her name, but she was very nice. We met on the bus.' Welcome to Israel."
  • A Jewish female sword swallower. It's as cool as it sounds (and looks)!
  • Why did David Menachem Gordon join the IDF? In his own words: "The Israel Defense Forces is an army that fights for her nation’s survival and the absence of its warriors equals destruction from numerous regional foes. America is not quite under the threat of total annihilation… Simply put, I felt I was needed more in Israel than in the United States."
  • Leonard Fein's most enduring legacy may be his rejection of dualism: the idea that Jews must choose between assertiveness and compassion, between tribalism and universalism. Steven M. Cohen remembers a great Jewish progressive:
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.