The United Nations marked today, November 19, as the first-ever World Toilet Day. The event was organized by the government of Singapore.
It is a subject that quickly invites jokes, as near every news report on the event has seen fit to emphasize. The New Zealand ambassador, who is speaking right now on U.N. TV as I write, told colleagues that her government insisted the topic should not be “wiped away” or “papered over.”
But it’s very serious. As PBS notes,
Of the world’s 7 billion people, about 6 billion have mobile phones, but only 4.5 billion have access to toilets or latrines, according to the United Nations. That leaves about 2.5 billion people without basic sanitation, making them vulnerable to disease.
The event comes at the initiative of the World Toilet Organization, founded in England in 2009. Its main sponsors are the consumer products giant Unilever (Dove, Lux, Vaseline, Lifebuoy, Ben & Jerry’s), the global NGO WaterAid and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Their newly produced background report on the crisis of global sanitation, “We Can’t Wait,” places particular emphasis on the impact on women’s and girls’ safety and health during menstruation, childbirth and when lacking privacy for basic hygiene activities.
Here are some key facts from the U.N. about worldwide lack of sanitation and clean water, as reported by CNN:
2.5 billion people – one in three people in the world – do not have a toilet or access to sustainable sanitation
Diarrheal diseases are the second most common cause of death in young children in developing countries
They kill more than HIV/AIDS, malaria and measles combined
In many countries girls stay home during menstruation days because of the absence of a safe place to change and clean themselves, and many drop out altogether
According to PBS, one of the key activists behind the issue is New Yorker John Kluge.
Several years ago on a trip to Darfur in western Sudan, he was surprised to see the refugee camps had better sanitation than the next town over in the Central African Republic, where fighting between the army and rebel groups had displaced more than 200,000 people. He looked into the issue more and realized how massive the needs were
In September 2012, Kluge co-founded the nonprofit Toilet Hackers to bring “dignified sanitation” to all.
“Sanitation is really the largest global health challenge we’re facing today, yet it is the most neglected,” he said.
The reluctance of people to talk about human waste has had an effect even in advocacy circles, where NGOs tend to focus on the clean water aspect of the problem, rather than sanitation and hygiene, he said. “It’s easy to identify with what we drink every day. It’s harder to identify with the thing that we don’t talk about every day but we all do.”