J.J. Goldberg

Murders, Martyrs, First Ladies and a Mob Boss: Famous Blood Libels in History

By J.J. Goldberg

  • Print
  • Share Share

1144: 12-year-old William of Norwich, England, found dead. A priest accuses local Jews, but king’s sheriff dismisses charges, leading to uprising, canonization of William by local bishop. At coronation of King Richard II, 1189, mob turns on Jews; massacres follow in London, York.

1255: 8-year-old Hugh of Lincoln, England, found mutilated. 19 Jews executed.

1475: 2-year-old Simon of Trent, Italy, found dead. 15 local Jews burned at stake. Simon canonized 1588 by Pope Sixtus V; rescinded by Paul VI, 1965.

1491: 4-year-old Christopher of Toledo, Spain, “the Holy Child of La Guardia,” found dead; eight local Jews and Conversos executed by Inquisition. Christopher is canonized 1805 by Pope Pius VII.

1690: 6-year-old Gavriil Belostoksky of Zverki, Poland, found dead. Shutko, a local Jewish rent-collector, accused of draining blood for matzo. Gavriil canonized 1820 by Russian Orthodox Church, reaffirmed by Belarus state TV, 1997.

1840 February: Catholic priest found murdered in Damascus, Syria; 13 Jewish community leaders arrested, tortured on ritual murder charges. Worldwide protest campaign organized by Sir Moses Montefiore, Rothschild son-in-law and president of Board of Deputies of British Jews, ends in their release in September. (Incident includes first-ever mass action by American Jews for overseas aid, as N.Y. rally is held at B’nai Jeshurun synagogue Aug. 17. Rally follows months of debate over propriety of collective Jewish action. Protesters demand State Department issue a statement, unaware it had done so Aug. 14 at request of British ambassador.)

1903: 14-year-old Mikhail Rybachenko found murdered near Kishinev, Bessarabia (now Moldova). Newspaper accusation of ritual murder sparks 3-day pogrom, 49 Jews killed by mobs.

1910: Jews of Shiraz, Iran, accused of ritually killing Muslim girl. Mobs pillage Jewish quarter, 12 Jews killed.

1911: 11-year-old Andrei Yushchinsky found murdered in Kiev, Ukraine. Jewish nightwatchman Mendel Beilis arrested; chief police investigator who questions indictment is fired, arrested for dereliction of duty. Beilis trial ends in acquittal 1913.

1928: 4-year-old Barbara Griffiths disappears in Massena, N.Y. State police interrogate Rabbi Berel Brenglass on suspicion of ritual murder. Barbara is found wandering in woods the next day.

1980 November: Iraq accuses Israel of complicity in bungled Iranian air raid on Osirak nuclear reactor. Deputy Defense Minister Mordechai Zippori calls accusation “blood libel.”

1982 Sept. 19: Israeli Cabinet issues a statement on Sabra-Shatila massacres, terms accusations of Israeli responsibililty “blood libel.” A year later, Israeli state judicial commission finds then-defense minister Ariel Sharon bears “indirect responsibility.”

1987: Simon & Schuster publishes “Blood libel: The Inside Story of General Ariel Sharon’s History-Making Suit Against Time Magazine,” by journalist/Sharon sidekick Uri Dan.

1990 Sept. 14: N.Y. Times columnist A.M. Rosenthal accuses CNN pundit Pat Buchanan of “blood libel” for claiming that the “only two groups that are beating the drums for war” in Iraq are “the Israeli Defense Ministry and its amen corner in the United States.” Oct. 22, Jacob Weisberg counters in The New Republic that Buchanan’s “implied” charge of dual loyalty is “far from the fanatical hatred of Jews connoted by the term blood libel.”

1999 Nov. 11: Visiting Ramallah, First Lady Hillary Clinton fails to react as Palestinian first lady Suha Arafat accuses Israel of using poison gas against Palestinian children. The New York Post touts the story with a front-page headline “Blood Libel” and a photo of Clinton and Arafat embracing. As Clinton enters N.Y. Senate race, conservatives use incident repeatedly to put “Hillary” and “blood libel” in the same sentence. In Oct. 28 2000 TV debate, GOP candidate Rick Lazio charges: “You stand on the sidelines while Suha Arafat issues a blood libel.”

Palestinian-American journalist Ray Hanania writing Nov. 13 1999 in the Arab Media Syndicate bemoans Mrs. Arafat’s extremist language and compares it to Rudy Giuliani’s “anti-Palestinian rhetoric and his ‘blood libel’.”

2000 Sep. 30: French TV crew in Gaza films 12-year-old Mohammed al-Dura shot in Israeli-Palestinian firefight Image becomes anti-Israel icon, leading to years-long series of Israeli accusations of “blood libel,” among others by journalist Amnon Lord, writing in 2002 for conservative think-tank Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs; Israeli Government Press Office director Danny Seaman in a 2007 statement (immediately repudiated by Prime Minister’s Office); Boston University medievalist Richard Landes writing in 2008, also at Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs.

2000 post-election: GOP heavyweight Jack Kemp, on MSNBC “Hardball,” calls a racism charge against George W. Bush “blood libel.”

2004 Nov. 10: Israeli mob kingpin Ze’ev Rosenstein attacks U.S. drug-trafficking charges and extradition request as “a blood libel.” Miami court sentences him to 12 years.

2006 Oct. 31: Journalist Mike Barnicle, on MSNBC “Scarborough Country,” calls Swift Boat attacks against John Kerry “blood libel.”

2009 Mar. 9: Lior Katsav, brother of former Israeli president Moshe Katsav, calls Katsav rape indictment a “blood libel.”

2011 Jan. 12: Sarah Palin, accused of helping fan a combustible public mood that set the stage for the Tucson shootings, releases a video accusing her accusers of “blood libel.” Her use of the term brings widespread protest from the Jewish community. The Anti-Defamation League, in a statement, says: “we wish that Palin had used another phrase, instead of one so fraught with pain in Jewish history.” (The ADL is promptly attacked by Mort Klein of the Zionist Organization of America for maligning Palin, and by blogger Richard Silverstein on his Tikun Olam blog for letting her off too easy.)

Palin is defended in her use of the term by, among others, Alan Dershowitz, who writes on tea partier Andrew Breitbart’s BigGovernment.com blog that the “term ‘blood libel’ has taken on a broad metaphorical meaning in public discourse.” Also defending is Rabbi Shmuley Boteach, who writes in the Wall Street Journal: “Judaism rejects the idea of collective responsibility for murder.”

Shmuley writes:

Despite the strong association of the term with collective Jewish guilt and concomitant slaughter, Sarah Palin has every right to use it. The expression may be used whenever an amorphous mass is collectively accused of being murderers or accessories to murder.

I guess that means we can now dismiss those complaints that Palestinian sermons and textbooks contribute to terrorism against Israelis. If I’m reading Shmuley right, that’s another case of blood libel.

Permalink | | Share | Email | Print | Filed under: Suha Arafat, Sarah Palin, Pat Buchanan, Mendel Beilis, Kishinev Pogrom, Blood Libel, Alan Dershowitz, A.M.Rosenthal

The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.

Find us on Facebook!
  • The Forverts' "Bintel Brief" advice column ran for more than 65 years. Now it's getting a second life — as a cartoon.
  • Half of this Hillel's members believe Jesus was the Messiah.
  • Vinyl isn't just for hipsters and hippies. Israeli photographer Eilan Paz documents the most astonishing record collections from around the world:http://jd.fo/g3IyM
  • Could Spider-Man be Jewish? Andrew Garfield thinks so.
  • Most tasteless video ever? A new video shows Jesus Christ dying at Auschwitz.
  • "It’s the smell that hits me first — musty, almost sweet, emanating from the green felt that cradles each piece of silver cutlery in its own place." Only one week left to submit! Tell us the story of your family's Jewish heirloom.
  • Mazel tov to Chelsea Clinton and Marc Mezvinsky!
  • If it's true, it's pretty terrifying news.
  • “My mom went to cook at the White House and all I got was this tiny piece of leftover raspberry ganache."
  • Planning on catching "Fading Gigolo" this weekend? Read our review.
  • A new initiative will spend $300 million a year towards strengthening Israel's relationship with the Diaspora. http://jd.fo/q3Iaj Is this money spent wisely?
  • Lusia Horowitz left pre-state Israel to fight fascism in Spain — and wound up being captured by the Nazis and sent to die at Auschwitz. Share her remarkable story — told in her letters.
  • Vered Guttman doesn't usually get nervous about cooking for 20 people, even for Passover. But last night was a bit different. She was cooking for the Obamas at the White House Seder.
  • A grumpy Jewish grandfather is wary of his granddaughter's celebrating Easter with the in-laws. But the Seesaw says it might just make her appreciate Judaism more. What do you think?
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?

We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.