Was Albert Einstein “the first post-Zionist”? Jason Maoz, editor of the right-wing Orthodox weekly, The Jewish Press, thinks so. In fact, Maoz goes so far as to suggest that the famed physicist could properly be labeled a “villain.”
“Einstein, because of his iconic status as the 20th century’s preeminent scientific genius, has largely escaped Jewish criticism for his antipathy to the notion of a Jewish state,” writes Maoz, who isn’t one to give the wild-haired physicist a free pass.
Alas, Maoz presents a very selective presentation of the relevant facts, cherry-picking quotes that paint Einstein in the worst possible light. True, Einstein was critical of political Zionism and disliked the idea of a specifically Jewish state. But Einstein also lent his voice and his celebrity to the Zionist cause of establishing a Jewish homeland in Palestine — and he did so at the early date of 1920. He remained a consistent and strong advocate of the effort to settle Jews in Palestine, and he publicly berated the Diaspora anti-Zionists of the American Council for Judaism, calling the group “a pitiable attempt to obtain favor and toleration from our enemies by betraying true Jewish ideals.” And when Israel was founded, he hailed the newborn state’s achievements, expressing his “joy and admiration” in a 1949 radio address.
Did history prove Einstein naïve and wrong (perhaps even somewhat dangerously so) on the question of a Jewish state? Certainly. His almost-unshakable faith in the immediate possibility of harmonious co-existence between Jews and Arabs in Palestine led him to overlook certain harsh realities. Einstein believed that if not for the policies of Britain, the Arabs of Palestine would have peacefully accepted the mass-influx of Jewish immigrants. This was clearly unrealistic. And that is why a Jewish state — with a Jewish army — was ultimately a historical necessity.
So he wasn’t exactly a Zionist visionary. But was he a villain? Hardly. Einstein was, for all his genius, human. He turned out to be less right than some Jews when it came to Zionism, and more right than others. And the stress Einstein placed on the vital importance of achieving co-existence and peace with the Arabs of Palestine was hardly villainous. It was, in fact, prescient.
So, if we are to stand in judgment of Einstein on this question, let us take into account the full historical record. (A good source, by the way, on Einstein’s views on Zionism and other political issues is a new volume titled “Einstein on Politics,” edited by David E. Rowe and Robert Schulmann.)
Interestingly, in the very same issue of The Jewish Press, there is a much more respectful remembrance of the murdered Jewish extremist Rabbi Meir Kahane, in the form of a softball interview with his widow (which, to be fair, was not conducted by Maoz). Maybe the Jewish Defense League founder escapes The Jewish Press’s criticism for his hateful and violent legacy because he was a columnist for the paper. Or perhaps The Jewish Press simply prefers Kahane’s vicious views to the humanism of Albert Einstein.
Great news. Variety recently reported that Marvel Studios and 20th Century Fox are moving forward with an “X-Men” spinoff — “Magneto,” the back story of the villain portrayed by Ian McKellen in the original trilogy.
The film, according to Variety, will open with Magneto coming “to grips with his mutant ability to manipulate metal objects as he and his parents try to survive in Auschwitz,” and track the origins of his love-hate relationship with Charles Xavier, aka Professor X, the wheelchair-bound mutant leader played by Patrick Stewart in the first films. We’ll see Magneto hone “his powers by hunting down and killing Nazi war criminals who tortured him, and his lust for vengeance turns Xavier and Magneto into enemies.”
After the release of “X2: X-Men United,” I penned this essay arguing that the films worked best when they stuck to the divide between Magneto’s post-Holocaust hatred of humanity and Professor X’s belief in co-existence — a perfect parallel of the ideological clash between the philosophies of Rabbi Meir Kahane and Rabbi Irving “Yitz” Greenberg. Magneto and Kahane both see the horrors of the Holocaust as a justification for militant violence, whereas Professor X and Greenberg adopt a more rounded view combining the need for robust self-defense with a moral imperative to seek peace with the other.
In response, Greenberg sent in this letter describing how the comparison was truer than I thought — the two rabbis had indeed been friends, and eventually split as Kahane became increasingly militant. (Still trying to figure out if that makes me a genius, or a moron for not doing some basic reporting.)
Anyway… can’t wait for this movie. The only thing that would be better — an epic flick chronicling the battle between Kahane and Greenberg for the hearts and minds of yeshiva buchers in Washington Heights and Brooklyn.
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